Get STD Tested
Testing for specific STDs
Here are some guidelines for STD testing for specific sexually transmitted diseases.
Chlamydia and gonorrhea Get screened annually if:
You're a sexually active girl or woman under age 25 You're a woman older than 25 and at risk of STDs — for example, if you're having sex with a new partner or multiple partners You're a man who has sex with men
Chlamydia and gonorrhea screening is done either through a urine test or through a swab inside the penis in men or from the cervix in women. The sample is then analyzed in a laboratory. Screening is important, because if you don't have signs or symptoms, you can be unaware that you have either infection.
HIV, syphilis and hepatitis The Centers for Disease Control and Prevention (CDC) encourages HIV testing, at least once, as a routine part of medical care if you're an adolescent or adult between the ages of 13 and 64. The CDC advises yearly HIV testing if you are at high risk of infection.
Request testing for HIV, syphilis and hepatitis if you:
Test positive for gonorrhea or chlamydia, which puts you at greater risk of other STDs Have had more than one sexual partner since your last test Use intravenous (IV) drugs Are a man who has sex with men
Your doctor tests you for syphilis by taking either a blood sample or a swab from any genital sores you might have. The sample is examined in a laboratory. A blood sample is taken to test for HIV and hepatitis.
Genital herpes No good screening test exists for herpes, a viral infection that can be transmitted even when an infected person doesn't have symptoms. Your doctor may take a tissue scraping or culture of blisters or early ulcers, if you have them, for examination in a laboratory. But a negative test doesn't rule out herpes as a cause for genital ulcerations.
A blood test also may help detect a herpes infection, but results aren't always conclusive. Some blood tests can help differentiate between the two main types of the herpes virus. Type 1 is the virus that more typically causes cold sores, although it can also cause genital sores. Type 2 is the virus that more typically causes genital sores. Still, the results may not be totally clear, depending on the sensitivity of the test and the stage of the infection. False-positive and false-negative results are possible. std testing los angeles